GMOs and Genetically Modified Foods

One of the many global food issues in our world is that fruits and vegetables that are transported over long distance sea trips often rot before they reach their destination.  When the food reaches the location of importanization, it is already turning brown, and may be soggy depending on what type of fruit or vegetable it is.  This may not seem like a big deal but it is.  Did you know that in 2009, only 26.3% of the United States population ate 3 or more vegetables per day.  This means that the other 73.7% of the country did not eat 3 or more vegetables a day.  Part of that percentage was probably not eating vegetables because the ones they were receiving were rotten. Another thing to consider is that before the food gets to your supermarket, there is a lot of work behind the scenes that goes into producing the fruits or vegetables.  Someone has to plant the seeds, water the plants, fertilize the plants, harvest them, package them, and then finally ship the fruits and vegetables off to the supermarket.  This process costs lots of money, requires many resources, and takes a lot of time filled with hard work.  To just go ahead and then waste these fruits and vegetables that have required so much time, work, and money,  is a big waste, and we need to find a solution to it.

Now, most of the time, problems don’t just suddenly appear out of thin air, there needs to be something to cause the problem.  This issue, fruits and vegetables rotting before they reach their destination, has three main causes.  First, areas with different climates can’t grow the same fruits and vegetables.  This forces the community or area to get those fruits and vegetables from other areas with climates that can grow that fruit or vegetable.  Secondly, fruits and vegetables are only fresh and ripe for a short amount of time after they are picked.  This means that if the sea voyage from the place they were picked to their destination is long, the fruits and vegetables will rot on the voyage, or soon after they arrive at the destination.  Lastly, there is high demand for different fruits and vegetables year round.  Because of this demand, other countries have to grow the fruits and vegetables when the climate where we live isn’t right to grow the food.  These are just a few causes of this global food issue, but there are many more.

The problem that fruits and vegetables that have to be imported to other places over sea also has an impact and effect on people.  For example, if the fruits and vegetables aren’t ripe or fresh, they can cause health issues for people.  One possible health issue is digestive system problems.  Approximately 48 million people get digestive problems and suffer from food-borne illness.  Another result is that people will have to throw away fruits and vegetables that are rotten.  This is a large waste of money for people, companies, and the world.  None of these effects are positive, so we need to fix the problem so people and the world don’t need to suffer with money loss, wasted food, and time loss.

One possible solution to prevent fruits and vegetables from rotting before they reach their destination is people can alter the fruit or vegetable to make it a GMO.  With GMO’s, you can delay their ripening date.  GMO stands for genetically modified organism, but some people say genetically modified foods as well.  In order to bring about this solution, we need people, tools, technology, and funds.  We need people, technology, tools, and funds in order to perform the GMO process. The GMO process is done by inserting polygalacturonase, PG into the genome of the organism, or fruit or vegetable, directed towards the antisense gene.  The PG degrades pectin, which is part of the cell wall, causing cell walls to soften, and sweetens the fruit as well.  When the antisense gene is shown, it will impose on the creation of PG, therefore delaying the ripening of the fruit or vegetable.  This way, the fruits and vegetables won’t ripen until they reach their destination, instead of already having being ripe or rotten for some time.  This solution is beneficial because you can still get all of the fruits and vegetables all year round, and you can get the foods from different countries and don’t only need to rely on the area that you live in.  If we can use GMO’s, we can solve the global food issue of fruits and vegetables rotting before, or soon after, they have reached their destination.  This will save money, time, food, and potentially lives.

 

Citation:

“Genetically Modified Food.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetically_modified_food>.

Evaluation of source: This source gave me background info on Genetically Modified Foods, and when it started being used.

“Genetically Modified Tomato.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Dec. 2013. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetically_modified_tomato>.

Evaluation of Source: This source provided me with good information on how tomato’s nutritional value can be modified as well as modified to delay the ripening date.

“Genome.” Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 08 Jan. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genome>.

Evaluation of Source: This site was helpful because it gave me the information I needed about the Genome right away, so I didn’t need to read on and on to get the answer to my question.

“What Percent of Americans Eat Their Fruits and Vegetables?” What Percent of Americans Eat Their Fruits and Vegetables? N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.healthaliciousness.com/blog/US-fruit-vegetable-consumption-trends.php>.

Evaluation of Source: This source gave me good information on vegetable statistics.

“What Does GMO Mean?” The World’s Healthiest Foods. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Jan. 2014. <http://www.whfoods.com/genpage.php?tname=george>.

Evaluation of Source: This source was useful for getting basic information on what a GMO is.

 

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Showing 3 comments
  • Scarlett Akeley

    This post was really effective because you stated everything clearly and efficiently, which I found helpful. I was surprised really to hear about just how big a problem this is. I think that you could improve the post by maybe being a bit less repetitive with your information, or just phrase them differently.

  • Selina Zhang

    This post is written well and has great contents that can be used to good pursuasion. I am surprised that food shipping overseas can be such a huge problem. The post can be improved if it shortens to clearly state the points without being too repetitive. Overall, this is a great essay.

  • Ava Axelrod

    What did you find most effective or persuasive about this post?
    I really like the way you form your essay. Everything was very well grouped and it made me want to change something.
    What part of this post surprised you or taught you something new?
    I didn’t know how many people go without fresh fruits or vegetables everyday. I didn’t know the percentage.
    How could the post be improved?
    I think that this blog is a little repetitive but other then that it is really good.

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